Psychological Evaluations are available to assist in determining personality functioning and intellectual functioning. Neuropsychological Evaluations are used to evaluate victims of head trauma or a stroke. They are also used to evaluate individuals for various forms of Dementia, such as Alzheimer’s disease. Forensic Psychological Evaluations are used to determine an individual’s fitness to meet standards of the legal or criminal justice system. They are most commonly used in the criminal court system to define an offender’s state of mind. Forensic Evaluations can also serve in treatment settings, in civil law, and in other professional settings.
Personality Evaluations: Personality evaluations are often used in association with therapy to assist in making a diagnosis or identifying specific issues, such as substance abuse or anger problems which need to be addressed. Personality evaluations range from simple screening questionnaires to more complex testing designed to identify underlying or unconscious factors which may be having a negative impact on a person’s emotional well being. Personality evaluations are also used in parenting studies to facilitate adoptions.
Intellectual/Educational Evaluation: These evaluations are used to assess one’s intellectual functioning. Intellectual evaluations may be used when one simply wants to know or document what their intellectual capacity is, for example to identify a gifted child or to isolate problems in intellectual or educational functioning such as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder or Learning Disability. Intellectual evaluations are generally divided into two types:
- Intelligence Testing: evaluates a person’s intellectual capacity, their potential. There are a variety of types of intellectual functioning and skills that are considered when evaluating a person’s intellectual capacity, such as abstract versus concrete thinking styles or one’s ability to concentrate.
- Achievement Testing measures how much knowledge one has acquired. Knowledge comes in many varieties such as math versus reading ability. A large variety of such skills are assessed to determine a person’s achievement levels.
These techniques are used in combination to diagnose problems such as dyslexia and to prepare Individual Educational Plans to guide a student’s educational program.